英语-高三英语复习学案: 倒装 强调 省略

倒装,强调,省略

㈠1.-Susan, go and join your sister cleaning the yard.

-Why ______ ? John is sitting there doing nothing.

A. him

B. he

C. I

D. me

总结:在日常用语中,当人称代词用在不带谓语的句子中作主语时,习惯上用______

2.—What do you think made the girl so glad?—_____a beautiful necklace.

A.As she received B.Receiving C.Received D.Because of receiving 总结:以上两题只回答了_______,省略了后面的________和________.

㈡在限定性定语从句中

3. A great number of students____said they were forced to practise the piano.

A. to question

B. to be questioned

C. questioned

D. questioning

4. Now that we’ve discussed our problem, are people happy with the decisions_____?

A. taking

B. take

C. taken

D. to take

㈢不定式中的省略

①5. --Does your brother intends to learn to sing this song? --Yes, he intends ______.

A. so

B. to

C. that

D. it

6.—Would you like to have some cakes ? --thank you._________.

A. I’d like to

B. I’d like to have

C. I’m full

D. I’d better to home

总结:以上题目属于______________的省略,此种类型的省略要保留小品词____.

这类动词有:expect,forget,hope,intend,mean,prefer,refuse,try,want,wish,would like 和love等

②在have to, need, ought to, be going to, used to等后省略动词,在happy,glad,eager,ready,willing等形容词后面作状语时,可以省略,但要保留不定式符号to。如:

③7. —He hasn’t gone to the office up to now.—Well, he_____.

A.should B.ought to C.ought to go D.ought to have

总结:当___________中带be, have, have been 等,通常要保留_____ ____ ______

④介词but前若有动词do,后面的不定式不带to

例The boy did nothing but__play_________. (play)

The boy said nothing but __to play______ . (play)

⑤某些使役动词(let, make, have)及感官动词(see, watch, hear, notice, observe, feel, look at, listen to等)后面作宾语补足语的不定式一定要省去to, 但在被动语态中须将______复原。例I saw the boy ___fall______ from the tree. (fall)The boy was seen ___to_fall__ from the tree. (fall)

The boss made us _work________12 hours a day. (work)

We were made _to_work_______ 12 hours a day. (work)

㈣使用替代词的省略

1) 通常情况下,在省略了某个词、短语或句子时,还需要用某个替代词。常用的替代词有:do /does /did, so, not, neither, nor和the same等。用助动词do /does /did 来替代上下文出现的动词,以免重复。如:She speaks English more fluently than her elder sister does.

1

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